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All About Indian Food & Culture
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A comprehensive A to Z guide to Indian cuisine, culture and practises.

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Name             : Ajowan

Native            : India

Family            : Part Of Umbelliferae Family

Description  : Curved Like Cumin

Colour           : Greyisy-Green Seeds

Flavour          : Harsh Thyme-Like Flavour

 

 

Name             : Asafoetida

Native            : Eastern Iran

Family            : Part Of Apiaceous Family

Description  : Dried gum

Colour           : Yellow-Brown

Flavour          : Onion-Like Flavour 

 

 

Name             : Bay Leaf

Native            : Asia

Family            : Leaf Of Laurel Tree

Description  : Oval With Sharp Ends

Colour           : Matte Olive Green

Flavour          : Slightly Bitter & Strongly Aromatic

 

 

Name             : Basil

Native            : Egypt

Family            : Leaf Of Ocimum Basilicum

Description  : Dried Leaves

Colour           : Green

Flavour          : Fragrantly Sweet

 

 

Name             : Black Pepper

Native            : India

Family            : Dried Berry Of Piper Nigrum

Description  : Wrinkled & Spherical

Colour           : Black

Flavour          : Pungent & Fiery

 

 

Name             : Cardamom

Native            : India

Family            : Seeds Of A Ginger-Like Plant

Description  : Oval & Dry

Colour           : Green/Dark Brown

Flavour          : Intense, Pungent & Sweet Flavour

 

 

Name             : Caraway Seeds

Native            : Asia/Europe

Family            : Fruit Of A Biennial Herb

Description  : Long & Tapered

Colour           : Black

Flavour          : Pungent Aroma & Sweet

 

 

Name             : Celery Seeds

Native            : India

Family            : Dried Fruit Of The Apium Graveolens

Description  : tiny brown seeds

Colour           : Greenish Brown

Flavour          : Celery-like

 

 

Name             : Cinnamon

Native            : Sri Lanka

Family            : Inner Bark Of A Evergreen Tree

Description  : Strips Of Bark Rolled Like Swiss Roll

Colour           : Pale Brown

Flavour          : Sweet & Woody Fragrance

 

 

Name             : Cloves

Native            : Indonesia

Family            : Dried Flower Buds Of Syzygium

Description  : Resemble Small Nails

Colour           : Rust-Brown Colour

Flavour          : Sharp & Strongly Aromatic

 

 

Name             : Coriander

Native            : Middle East

Family            : Plant In The Parsley Family

Description  : Branching Slender Stems

Colour           : Bright Green

Flavour          : Mild & Sweetish

 

 

Name             : Cumin

Native            : Middle East

Family            : Seed of Umbelliferous Plant

Description  : Paired & Boat-Shaped

Colour           : Brownish

Flavour          : Sharp & Slightly Bitter.

 

 

Name             : Dill

Native            : Europe

Family            : From Parsley Family

Description  : Winged & Oval

Colour           : Light Brown

Flavour          : Strong & Aromatic

 

 

Name             : Fennel

Native            : Mediterranean

Family            : Dried Fruit Of Foeniculum Vulgare

Description  : Oval

Colour           : Green or Yellowish Brown

Flavour          : Anise Like Flavour But Is More Sweeter

 

 

Name             : Fenugreek

Native            : India

Family            : Seeds From A Bean-Like Plant

Description  : Hard & Angular

Colour           : Yellowish Brown

Flavour          : Aromatic & Bittersweet

 

 

Name             : Garlic

Native            : Central Asia

Family            : Dried Root Of Alliums Sativum

Description  : Shaped Like A Small Wedges

Colour           : Light Yellow

Flavour          : Distinctive Odour & Flavour

 

 

Name             : Galangale

Native            : Java

Family            : Herbaceous Plant

Description  : Ginger-Like

Colour           : Orangey-Brown Skin

Flavour          : Peppery & Ginger Like

 

 

Name             : Ginger

Native            : India

Family            : Tuberous Root Of Zingiber Officinale

Description  : Body Like A Horn

Colour           : Brown To Off-White

Flavour          : Fiery & Pungent

 

 

Name             : Lemon Grass

Native            : Tropic Asia

Family            : Tropical Grass

Description  : Long Stem With Grassy Leaves

Colour           : Yellowish Green

Flavour          : lemony With Hints Of Ginger

 

 

Name             : Nutmeg

Native            : Moluccas

Family            : Seed Kernel Inside The Fruit

Description  : Size & Shape Of A Small Peach

Colour           : Mottled Yellow

Flavour          : Nutty & Slightly Sweet

 

 

Name             : Mace

Native            : Moluccas

Family            : Lacy Covering On The Kernel

Description  : Mace Is A Bright Crimson Lace

Colour           : Yellowish Brown

Flavour          : Sharp & Aromatic

 

 

Name             : Mint

Native            : Mediterranean

Family            : Leave Of The Mentha Plant

Description  : Pointed & Crinkled

Colour           : Deep Dark Green

Flavour          : Cool Sensation & Menthol Like

 

 

Name             : Mustard Seeds

Native            : Asia

Family            : Seeds Of Senvy Plant

Description  : Round Hard Seed

Colour           : Dark Brown

Flavour          : Sharp & Fiery

 

 

Name             : Oregano

Native            : Turkey

Family            : dried leaves of Origanum spp

Description  : dried leaves

Colour           : Light to dark green

Flavour          : slightly bitter

 

 

Name             : Paprika

Native            : South America

Family            : Powder From Capsicum Annuum

Description  : Fine Powder Ground

Colour           : Bright Red

Flavour          : Pungent & Fiery

 

 

Name             : Poppy Seed

Native            : Mediterranean

Family            : Seeds Inside Capsules

Description  : Tiny Seeds

Colour           : Blue Ray

Flavour          : Slightly Nutty Aroma And Taste

 

 

Name             : Star Anis

Native            : Middle East

Family            : Pimpinella Anisum

Description  : Star Shaped

Colour           : Dark brownish-Black

Flavour          : Similar To Fennel

 

 

Name             : Saffron

Native            : Mediterranean

Family            : Dried Stigmas Of The Saffron Crocus

Description  : Delicate And Thread-Like

Colour           : Bright Red

Flavour          : Pungent Bitter-Honey Taste

 

 

Name             : Szechwan Pepper

Native            : China

Family            : Citrus Family

Description  : Hair-thin stems and open ends

Colour           : rust coloured

Flavour          : mildly peppery

 

 

Name             : Tamarind

Native            : Africa

Family            : Bean-Pod From The Tamarind Tree

Description  : Pod Contains A Sticky Pulp & Black Seeds

Colour           : Brown

Flavour          : Refreshing Sour Taste

 

 

Name             : Turmeric

Native            : Asia

Family            : Stem Of A Ginger-Like Plant

Description  : Rough & Segmented Skin

Colour           : Brilliant Yellow

Flavour          : Aromatic & Bitter

 

 

Name             : Vanilla

Native            : Mexico

Family            : Vanilla Plant

Description  : Long Strip With Beads

Colour           : Dark Brown

Flavour          : Aromatic & Powerful

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Condiments And Spices

 

English

 

Asafoetida

Bay Leaf

Bengal Pepper

Black Pepper

Cardamom

Caraway Seeds

Chillies

Cinnamon

Cloves

Coriander

Cumin

Dill

Dry Ginger

Fennel

Fenugreek

Garlic

Galangale

Ginger

Lemon Rind

Nutmeg

Mace

Margosa

Mustard Seeds

Oregano

Onion Seeds

Pepper

Poopy Seed

Star Anis

Saffron

Tamarind Pulp

Turmeric

Turmeric Powder

 

 

Cereals And Pulses

 

English

 

Barley

Bengal Gram (whole)

Bengal Gram (split)

Bengal Gram Flour (split)

Black Gram

Bread

Corn

Cow Gram

Corn Flour

Green Gram (whole)

Green Gram (split)

Horse Gram

Lentil

Long Grain Rice

Peas

Red Gram (split)

Rice

Sago

Semolina

Vermicelli

Wheat

Wheat Flour (whole)

Wheat Flour (refined)

 

 

Nuts And Seeds

 

English

 

Almond

Cashew Nut

Coconut

Coconut Milk

Peanut

Sesame

 

 

Fats And Oil

 

English

 

Butter

Coconut Oil

Ghee

Vegetable Oil

 

 

Leafy Vegetables

 

English

 

Brussels Sprouts

Basil

Cabbage

Celery Leaves

Cluster Beans

Coriander Leaves

Cow Peas

Curry Leaves

Fenugreek Leaves

Mint

Mustard Leaves

Spinach

Spring Onion

Tamarind Leaves

 

 

Roots And Tubers

 

English

 

Beetroot

Carrot

Onion

Shallots

Potato

Yam

 

 

Vegetables And Fruits

 

English

 

Ash Ground

Bitter Gourd

Brinjal

Capsicum

Cauliflower

Corn Kernel

Cucumber

Chilli

Ladies Finger

Lemon

Lemon Grass

Lime

Mushroom

Pumpkin

Raisins

Rose Water

Screw Pine

Tomato

Yeast

 

 

Milk Products

 

English

 

Cow’s Milk

Butter

Butter Milk

Cottage Cheese

Cheese

Ghee

Yoghurt

 

 

Meat Products

 

English

 

Beef

Chicken

Egg

Goat

Goat Liver

Mutton

Pork

Sheep Liver

 

 

Fruits

 

English

 

Apple

Banana

Cashew Fruit

Dates

Figs

Grapes

Guava

Lemon

Mango

Orange

Papaya

Pears

Pineapple

Plum

Raisins

Tomato

 

 

Hindi

 

Hing

Tejpan

Pipli

Kali Mirch

Elaichi

Shajeer

Mirch

Dalchini

Lavang

Dhania

Zira

Sowa

Sonth

Badi Saunf

Methi

Lassan

Kulinjan

Adrak

Nimbu Kachhilka

Jaiphal

Javitri

Neem

Rai

Ajwain

Pyaz Ke Beej

Kalimirch

Khas-khas

Saunf

Kesar

Imli

Haldi

Haldi

 

 

 

 

Hindi

 

Jowar

Channa

Channa Dal

Besan

Urad

Roti

Makai

Lobiya

Makai Ka Atta

Moong

Moon Dal

Kuthlee

Masoor Dal

Basmati

Mattar

Arhar Dal

Chawal

Sabudhana

Sooji

Siwain

Gehun

Atta

Maida

 

 

 

 

 Hindi

 

Badam

Kaju

Naryal

Nariyal Ka Doodh

Moong Phalli

Til

 

 

 

 

 Hindi

 

Makhan

Narial Ka Tel

Ghee

Tel

 

 

 

 

Hindi

 

Choti Gopi

Tulsi

Band Gobi

Shelari

Gowaar Phali

Hara Dhania

Lobia

Karipatha

Methi Sag

Pudina

Sarson Ka Sag

Palak

Kandey Patthey

Imli Patte

 

 

 

 

Hindi

 

Chukandar

Gajar

Pyaz

Chota Pyaz

Alu

Suran

 

 

 

 

Hindi

 

Petha

Karela

Baingan

Simla Mirch

Phool Gobi

Makai

Khira

Mirchi

Bhindi

Bara Nimbu

Sera

Nimbu

Tila Chhatto

Kaddu

Kishmish

Gulab Jal

Kewra

Tamatar

Khamir

 

 

 

 

Hindi

 

Gai Ka Doodh

Makhan

Laasi

Paneer

Panner

Ghee

Dahi

 

 

 

 

Hindi

 

Gai Ka Gosht

Murga

Murgi Ka Anda

Khasi Ka Gosht

Khasi Ka Jigar

Bakri Ka Gosht

Suar Ka Gosht

Kalija

 

 

 

 

Hindi

 

Seb

Kela

Kajuphal

Khajur

Anjeer

Angoor

Amrud

Bara Nimbu

Aam

Narangi

Papita

Nashpati

Ananas

Alubokhara

Kishmish

Tamatar

 

 

Tamil

 

Perungayam

Brinji Yelai

Tippali

Karu Melagu

Elakkai

Karun Jeeragam

Milagai

Pattai

Krambu

Kothamalli Vidai

Jeeragam

Sataguppi

Sukku

Perun Jeeragam

Venthiyam

Poondu

Arattai

Inji

Yelumichai Thol

Jathik Kao

Jathipathri

Vepalai

Kadugu

Umum

Vengaya Vidhai

Milagu

Kasakasa

Poo

Kungumap Poo

Puli

Manjal

Manjal Thul 

 

 

 

 

Tamil

 

Jowar

Kothu Kadalai

Kadalai Paruppu

Kadalai Mavu

Ulutham Paruppu

Roti

Makka Cholam

Thattaip Payaru

Makka Chola Mavu

Pasi Payar

Payathum Paruppu

Kollu

Mysore Paruppu

Basmathi

Pattani

Tuvaram Paruppu

Arisi

Javvarisi

Rawai

Semiya

Godumai

Godumai Mavu

Maida Mavu

 

 

 

 

 Tamil

 

Badam

Mundiri Paruppu

Thengai

Thenga Pal

Nilak Kadalai

Yellu

 

 

 

 

 Tamil

 

Vennai

Tengai Ennai

Nai

Ennai

 

 

 

 

Tamil

 

Kalakose

Tulasi

Muttai Kose

Shelari

Karamani

Kothamalli

Karamani Vedai

Kari Veppilai

Venthia Keerai

Pudina

Kadugu Ilai

Pasalai Keerai

Vengaya Thal

Puli Ilai

 

 

 

 

 Tamil

 

Beet

Manjal Mullangi

Vengayam

Chinna Vengayam

Urulai Kilangu

Karnai Kilangu

 

 

 

 

 Tamil

 

Vellai Pusinikai

Pavakkai

Kathiri Kai

Kodi Milagai

Kavipoo

Makka Cholam

Kakkari Kai

Melagai

Vendak Kai

Periya Elumichai

Karppurappul

Elumichai

Kalaan

Parangik Kai

Drakshai

Paneer

Vetiver

Thakkali

Khadi

 

 

 

 

Tamil

 

Pasum Pal

Vennai

More

Paneer

Palkatti

Nai

Thayiru

 

 

 

 

Tamil

 

Mattu Eraichi

Koli

Koli Muttai

Attu Eraichi

Attu Eeral

Attu Eraichi

Panni Eraichi

Sembari Attin Eeral

 

 

 

 

Tamil

 

Ahpil

Valai Palam

Mundiri Pazham

Pericham Palam

Atti Palam

Drakshai

Koyya Palam

Periya Elumichai

Mambalam

Narangi Palam

Papalli Palam

Berikkai

Anasi Palam

Alpagoda

Drakshai

Thakkali

Alu:

Atta:

Bhajjia:

Bhajee:

Bhindi:

Biryani:

Bhaturas:

Chapati:

Dal:

Dosai:

Dum:

Garam Masala:

Ghee:

Kebabs:

Kheema:

Khorma:

Kofta:

Masala:

Moilee:

Naan:

Paneer:

Paratha:

Pulao:

Puri:

Rasam:

Rogan Josh:

Roti:

Samosa:

Tandoori:

Vindaloo:
 

Blanch:

Blend:

Braise:

Chop:

Dice:

Drain:

Fillet:

Marinate:

Puree:

Shred:

Sliced:

Simmer:

Stir:

Potato in Hindi.

Wholemeal flour.

Vegetables dipped in batter and deep-fried.

Dryish mild vegetable curry.

Ladies finger.

Rich preparation of rice cooked with spices and ghee.

Slightly leavened baked bread.

Unfermented wheat bread.

Lentils.

Savoury south Indian pancake made with fermented batter.

A process of cooking food from the above as well as below.

Mixture of cloves, cinnamon, cardamom, pepper & cumin.

Clarified butter.

Savoury barbecue done on iron rod.

Minced meat.

Rich and thick light brown curry.

Minced meatball.

Indian condiments and spices.

Seafood cooked in rich coconut flavour.

Slightly leavened baked bread.

Cottage cheese made by curdling milk with vinegar.

Fried unleavened bread.

Rice dish fried in fat and cooked.

Deep-fried wheat flour bread.

South Indian spiced soup.

Red curry made with mutton.

Bread.

Indian pastry filled with spiced stuffing.

Spiced meat cooked in tandoor oven.

A sharp and hot curry of Goa Origins.
 

Cover food with boiling water for a while.

Mix with little water and make it into paste.

Cook slowly over low heat using moist.

Cut into small pieces.

Cut into cubes.

Remove liquid.

Meat without bones.

Steep food in liquid or powder to add flavour.

Thick and smooth pulp.

Cut into narrow strips.

A thin broad piece cutting.

Cook slowly in liquid using low heat.

Use circular movement to mix.

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